Banking 101: The Bank And How It Operates


If you’re working in the banking sector, you must have dreamed of dealing with the ups at Wall Street where it’s common to hear about exposure to subprime borrowers. These are individuals who have taken loans but are not able to pay simply because they couldn’t afford to do so. They may have purchased a very expensive house, and they used an adjustable-rate mortgage. Maybe they had a negative amortization, which happens when their loan principal balance is still continuously increasing even though they’re paying their monthly loan payment.

How Do Banks Operate?


Banks receive deposits from clients or depositors that create savings accounts, checking accounts, deposit certificates, and more. The bank can lend these funds to other clients who apply for personal or business loans, mortgages, and other plans they may have.

Interest expense is the money that the bank gives to the depositor, while the resultant interest that it makes on the loans made by the depositor is called the interest income. The difference between these two is referred to as the net interest income. Years ago, banks were primarily reliant on the interest income to produce profit for future bank expansions as well as for the bank owners as well. However, the modern banks now have a combined setup that enables them to produce 50% more of their profits from the bank fees, like bank trust sectors, mutual funds, credit card handling, merchant payments, and more – almost any fee that you can think of, they can get profit from.

When a loan has been instigated officially on the books, the money is then paid out to the borrower, and an asset is then established. What the bank will do next is that it will create a company-wide reserve on the bank’s list of loans to determine the losses. If they decide, for instance, that 1% of the loans will go wrong, they will create an accounting reserve that decreases the value of the borrower’s loan on the balance sheet. If, in the long run, the loan does go bad, the reported earnings won’t be damaged as they already have a buffer on the sheet to counter the loss.

Importance Of Sufficient Reserves

An adequate amount of accounting reserves are crucial to the bank’s health and productivity. If, for instance, the 1% loss becomes 4%, the shareholders would be distressed, as they had only anticipated a 1% loss. There will be large amounts of income statement losses. Different economic situations can cause bank investors to be anxious and stressed, particularly situations in the housing market. If there are few home sales, this means that less fee income is coming in. But some large-scale investors like Warren Buffett still invest in shares in certain banks.

Is It All About Bank Stocks?


Stocks are among the vital foundations of the bank, but ultimately a good stock is dependent on the quality of the loans in the bank’s list. Most investors agree that it is hard to recruit people who can produce earnings with the wave of the hand when the market is great, and loans look pretty good.

The possibility for you to get better returns when you invest in bank stocks can be improved if your stock is placed in a tax-advantaged account like a traditional IRA or Roth IRA. If you still don’t understand bank procedures or where to even begin, then you can compare the losses in other banks. If something’s out of line, then that should worry you.




Suicide Of People Who Work At Financial Districts – Therapist Says It’s Common


London’s Canary Wharf is a prominent place where 120,000 people are passing through each day. It is home to banks and various businesses and has high public places where people could see everything that is going on in that place. It is a fantastic way to have a business meeting with pleasure, but lately, unfortunate deaths are happening around that place – deaths that are self-inflicted, and as a therapist, I know the reason why.

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Benefits Of Employing The Financial Services Of Equities First Holdings


Money has a firm grip on all of us. In case there’s plenty lying around, some people tend to act like gods and goddesses who need to be idolized. If we do not have enough, we keep on thinking of ways to generate it, to the point that others even resort to wicked deeds. Hence, it does not come as a shock when we hear about a relative or colleague who has to see a psychologist because of money-related issues.

In all honesty, the problem that I see here is that many individuals have a one-track mind when it comes to funding their dreams. “I have to work hard before I buy this house.” “I can’t put up the business that I have always had in my mind if I don’t have this specific amount of cash on hand.”

Well, the truth is that you can also turn to companies like Equities First Holdings to help you out.

What Is Equities First Holdings?

Equities First Holdings is an international lending company that maintains offices in a total of nine different locations in the United States, Europe, Asia, and Australia. The corporation was established in 2002 and grew to prominence when it started introducing various alternative loan solutions that would provide enough funds and room for personal financial growth to the borrower.


Why You Should Employ The Services Of Equities First Holdings

1. Entrepreneurs Can Use Stocks As A Collateral

The company encourages the potential debtors to stay away from margin loans issued typically by banks as they would require them to put the titles of their properties in collateral. If the person fails to return the money on time, along with interest, there is an excellent chance that the capital lenders will liquidate the debtor’s investments and leave him or her homeless or jobless.

On the other hand, the reason why Equities First Holdings supports the procurement of stock-based loans is that it allows the people to collateralize their stocks in the market. It will enable the latter to manage their finances without worrying about their establishment or residence is taken from them.

2. The Interest Rates Are Considerably Low

The company does not believe in the traditional means of lending funds, considering there are lesser market instabilities to be faced when dealing only with intangible stocks. The good thing about it is that the interest rates that they place on every amount borrowed by clients are more within a range that will not be too difficult to reimburse later on. Last time we checked, the average interest rate that the company has in place ranges from 3% to 4%. That is almost half of even a third of what banks usually ask for. It is another benefit that many can take advantage of once they decide to strike a deal with Equities First Holdings.


3. The Debtors Need To Fulfill A Few Requirements Only

The economic crisis that has affected the world market in 2008 can still be felt by a lot of business owners at present. This fact has encouraged the bankers to increase the number of requirements and filter the individuals or companies who can be granted with a financial loan. The result is that the small firms that need funding become shunted to the side and given no aid.

Equities First Holdings prevents such a misfortune by providing a shorter list of requirements to the potential debtors to help as many entrepreneurs as possible. It entails that a lot of startups can avail the services of the lending company. Thus, we can see a lot of businesses flourish after borrowing money from them.

Why We Need Companies Like Equities First Holdings

As individuals who have the potential to apply for a loan in the future, be it for a car, house, or business that we have always wanted to have, it is crucial to know that there are lending companies such as Equities First Holdings to ask for help from. Depending on banks to lend a hand will be like waiting for your wayward bird to fly back to you since their decisions are always unpredictable. Sometimes, if you come across a moody banking officer, they may not even consider your words or letters if you cannot provide one of the documents they have indicated. Not to mention, the interest rates that real banks impose are too high, to the extent that you may be willing to pay an arm and a leg, and it won’t still suffice in the end.


Nevertheless, all your worries will become forgotten once you ask for financial assistance from a company that offers a stock-based loan. For one, you can put away your land title and other papers that you may use as collateral. You do not have to think of your assets getting liquidated if you fail to pay on time either. Beyond that, it is nice to know that the interest rates do not go through the roof, so even an ordinary wage earner won’t be too scared to avail them.

Anytime you need to borrow money. Therefore, you should find out if Equities First Holdings can accommodate you. Good luck!

Success Secret: How To Grow Your Money

Everyone wants to experience financial freedom or the state to buy anything without worrying about how and where to get the money to pay for it. No one wants to suffer financially, which is why several people strive hard to earn sufficient income not only for themselves but also for their family members. Just like these individuals, you are probably thinking of the smart ways on how you can double your money in less time. In this article, we are going to share with you some of the intelligent ideas on how you can make this happen:




  1. Study Your Financial Transactions


Make sure that you are absolutely and fully aware of the cash flow of your finances. It means that you must know how much you are earning at a given period. At the same time, you must also learn how to compute your expenses so that you will know where your money goes. In so doing, it will be easier on your part to determine how much is left that can be used for investment.

 Through actively thinking about the challenge or task at hand, people may be better-equipped to perform their best than when operating on the simple belief that they will succeed, and the study’s support of this idea may go a long way towards helping people understand how eslf-motivation may improve their lives. — John Smith Ph.D.

  1. Explore Your Options


There are a lot of ways on how you can grow your cash in an instant. Because of this, it is best if you would look into all your options first before making a decision on the type of investment to take. Remember that each option carries an advantage and disadvantage. Do not only look at the potential for earning more but also consider the trustworthiness of the form of investment. Otherwise, you may end up losing some cash.


  1. Start Your Own Business


Do not be afraid to go out of your comfort zone and start your own business. It can be scary to enter the business world, especially if you have no background in management or finance. What is important is that the venture that you want to build must be sustainable. As such, it is ideal for you to conduct a feasibility study for the proposed business before you move forward with the business. As much as possible, avoid making rash decisions as it can lead to more errors and mistakes.




  1. Invest in Stocks


If you have a talent in understanding how the stock market works, then it is time to start looking for a company offering their shares. Keep in mind that several factors can affect the market, which is why the rate can vary from one day to another. Always keep in mind that such form of investment can be risky, but the returns will be worth it. However, you have to continually remind yourself to make better market predictions so that you can earn big. Be sure to be conservative in your stock market investment so that you will not be disappointed.

Note that countries with higher general levels of trust also have more people investing in the stock market. These researchers found that trusting others increases the probability of buying stock by 50% of the average. — John Nofsinger Ph.D.

  1. Put In A Bank


Saving your cash in a bank is also a smart way to earn extra income. Take note that the amount of money placed in a savings account can earn interest income every month. Aside from this, you also have an option to avail of time deposit accounts from your trusted bank. Through this program, you can get an increase from your initial deposit to the bank, which must be locked to its system until the expiration of the period of the deposit.


  1. Loan To Others


Did you know that lending is also an excellent way of earning additional income? All you have to do is to allow others to borrow money from you. In return, you can charge an interest per month as consideration for loaning a particular amount of cash. Be sure that the interest rate for every transaction must not be unconscionable so that it will not become contrary to law and public policy. To ensure that you will not experience some losses, the smart thing to do is to have a background check for every potential debtor.

The strongest evidence for the optimism – risky investment relationship comes from economic studies of gender differences in investing. They find that women invest money more conservatively whereas men prefer to invest in riskier ways. — Utpal Dholakia Ph.D.



  1. Engage In Buy And Sell


If you are the type of person who has a heart for selling items, make sure to use such skill to earn some extra cash. What you have to do is to purchase inventory stocks from a trusted supplier, who will provide you with the merchandise at a low price. Once you have already received the items, you can re-sell it to third parties. This time, you can already add a mark-up to the original price of the items involved. The amount of the new price less the old price is now considered as your additional source of income.


Be smart when it comes to growing your money. Remember that you cannot reap the benefits of your efforts all at once. You have to be consistent and patient in doubling your money. Nothing will ever come out great in your life if you keep on thinking of self-limitation.


Disadvantages Of Internet Banking



After the introduction of online banking, financial transactions have become convenient. Since then, the banking industry has never been the same. Nowadays, customers no longer wait for long lines in a real bank to do their financial transactions because they only need to click their mobile phones to access their accounts. However, online banking is not a perfect system and still possesses an array of red flags.

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Bank Counseling – Understanding Banking


One of the oldest and a bit boring industries in the world is banking. However, with the current boom of technology, the banking industry has been adopting new technologies and employing them for their existing services. Banks have also ventured into other avenues where financial support or consultation is needed.

Bank Stocks

Bank stocks are among the things in the industry that are hard to analyze. A lot of banks possess billions of dollars in assets and own shares in different businesses. It implies ownership in a corporation’s earnings and assets. It also has separate subsidiaries in a wide variety of companies which makes it the most transferable form of personal property.


Monetary System

The monetary system is created to cater to the creation of the public’s monetary supply. It is intended primarily by private financial institutions to establish elasticity to financial ventures. Hence, bank deposits are a way to gain money, and market exchanges are the process through banking. That’s why public money plays a facilitating role in the cycle of the financial industry. Any money rules the day to day functioning of the modernized fiat monetary systems.

The Different Types Of Bank

One of the most complicated features of any financial industry is the commercial bank. It is a type of bank that offers services such as trade finance, corporate credit, and project financing. It also deals with deposits and loans and does it for small to medium enterprises and corporations. Private Banks on the other hand exclusively serves high-net-worth personalities and requires a minimum amount of assets under management. Not everyone can sign up with this type of bank. Some of the features of the private bank are investment portfolios and financial planning services. A retail Bank, also known as the friendly neighborhood bank, is the most common type. It deals with simple deposits and loans and most standard products and services. Investment Bank is one of the most secure forms of banks. It deals with asset classes like bonds, equities, derivatives, funds and more. Investment banks are considered as the manufacturers of investment products and tend to sell them to other financial institutions that have access to a broad network and customers.

Parts Of A Bank

A bank typically consists of three parts; front, middle and back offices. The front office is where the customer is entertained. This section offers services to the customers in real time and can answer questions regarding the clients’ accounts. The middle office handles the check and balance process. Every time a customer wants to open a private bank account or open a credit line, the middle office handles this kind of transactions along with the validation of the orders of the customers. The engine room or HQ of the bank is called the back office. Clients’ statements, IT systems, interest accrual and another day to day operations are processed in this office as well as trade settlements, accounting, and reconciliation procedures.


Types Of Clients

Every bank handles different kinds of clients. These clients are grouped into categories such as corporate clients, private clients and affluent mass clients. The average man on the street is referred to as an affluent client.  Mass affluent clients have a more disposable income, and banks tend to offer priority banking services to them with better credit terms and vouchers. Corporate and private clients, on the other hand, are considered big-ticket customers. Banks tend to give them more attention than those with affluent status. They are deemed high-value customers, and banks give them one or two relation managers to process their transactions.

These essential topics should be included in the study to understand banking. The factors such as opening an account, lending services benefits, the trade lifecycle, customer relationship management, services and products offered by the bank must be considered as well.



Importance Of Digital Banking

Digital banking is an extension of the transactional facility of banks through a set of secured digital channels. It is done by taking care of data security, related risk mitigation and regulatory aspects performed by the bank itself. Modern technologies such as the internet and mobile banking services adoption give banking an edge in convenience.


The up to date digital technologies such as social media, analytics, and payment solutions are essential in aiming towards providing the customers the comfort and top of the line services where digital banking is achieved. But there is more to digital banking than its constructive definition.

What Is It All About?

According to Stanley Epstein, director of Citadel Advantage Ltd, digital banking is the application of technology that ensures a seamless end to end processing of banking transactions or operations. It is initiated by the client, guaranteeing maximum utility to its terms of availability, usefulness, and cost. It’s a vital part of the bank concerning reduced operating costs with zero errors and enhanced services.

More than two decades ago, banks were following a physical bank branch network system, which was a costly and high maintenance method of banking. However, after the adoption of mobile banking in recent years, the cost to income ratio of most banks increased at around 45% to 55%. Though the ratio is significant, it is proven to be a lot better than the traditional method.


The Advantages

Digital banking allows its client the luxury of banking anytime and anywhere. All throughout the year, the features offered in digital banking are available unless maintenance is required. On the clients personal banking page he or she can see the real-time summary of his or her accounts and can do any transaction with just a click. Although not all features of a traditional banking method are available in digital banking, most of the essential operations are possible online – like paying bills, flight reservations, checking of accounts, fund transfers, and so on. The convenience lies in that you actually don’t go to a physical bank. Not only does digital banking help its clients through their daily financial transactions, but it also helps the environment through saving a lot of paper in the process.

How Technology Affects Banking

Technology has brought a new revolution of innovative solutions primarily in the financial industry. An established traditional banking structure is now moving conveniently in its system. One of the most significant focuses of larger banks is automation where fast transaction and real-time results are highly attainable. It has become a more comfortable solution than traditional banking arrangements.

Banks today come up with a lot of user-friendly applications to aid their customers. A lot of businesses also thrive in the technology of digital banking including companies like Amazon and eBay.  Through digital banking, customers can pay their online orders in real time without the hassle of going to the physical store. Also, these businesses can manage their accounts efficiently through digital banking by accessing bank activities such as their bank checks, deposits, wire funds and more.


Transferring money has never been this convenient. The utmost important aspect of every customer and business is time, and that necessity gets highly valued by digital banking. Business owners and financial employment activities are made more accessible. And some transfers can be automated, which in return saves time for both the company and its employees.

Through digital banking, traveling, entertainment, food trips, health, and even shopping have become more efficient, timesaving and hassle-free. But it doesn’t stop there. Digital banking has a wide array of future potential. Digital banking has changed the banking world for good and has become the face of advanced technology.